Risk Factors In Cardiovascular Diseases

Cardiovascular diseases are a group of disorders or disorders of the heart. Studies indicate that 30% of women die from cardiovascular problems, while in men between 35 and 55 years old, it represents the main cause of death.

August 2019 – In the month of the heart and awareness about healthy habits for better health of this important organ. It should be noted that in Chile, cardiovascular diseases are one of the main causes of death, representing deaths equivalent to a third of the country’s total. And although the main cause of death corresponds to diseases of the circulatory system, a progressive increase in heart diseases is expected in the coming years.

What are cardiovascular diseases?

Cardiovascular diseases are a group of disorders or disorders of the heart and blood vessels that result in heart disease, heart failure, rheumatic heart disease, congenital heart disease, venous thrombosis and valve disease to name a few.

While it is true that coronary and cardiovascular disease rates 30 or 40 years ago were lower compared to current figures, today, studies indicate that 30% of women die from cardiovascular problems, while in men between 35 and 55 years old, it represents the main cause of death as a result of heart disease.

In this context and from the point of view of prevention, it is important to consider (especially from the age of 30) to carry out your annual check-ups with your family doctor or cardiologist, allowing to identify, prevent, or diagnose pathologies that are related to this organ, some of the tests that your doctor may recommend are related to tests that allow your specialist doctor to study the health of your heart.

Along the same line of prevention, international guidelines recommend ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) to confirm the diagnosis of Hypertension, which according to the National Health Survey, concludes that in our country 26.9% of the population over 15 years of age has a positive screening (standardized pressure measurement) for hypertension. Screening that increases progressively with age, reaching 74.6% in those over 65 years of age.

Factors that threaten the health of our heart

Considering that the factors that could affect us are also congenital, those that are related to our habits increase the probability of having some cardiovascular disease. In addition to the above, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, dyslipidemia (cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL and LDL cholesterol), an unhealthy diet, and sedentary lifestyle, are direct triggers of pathologies related to the heart.

In our country, the survival of women after myocardial infarction is 75% at one year and in men 85%. And although there is a difference between both genders, specialists and studies indicate that the recommendations to prevent cardiovascular problems are the same for both genders: exercising frequently, not smoking, maintaining a balanced diet, regularly checking blood pressure, and cholesterol.